Vizag - The Jewel of the East Coast


Visakhapatnam, Visakha/Vizag or Vizagapatam/Vizag City) is a coastal, port city, often called "The Jewel of the East Coast", situated in the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh, located on the eastern shore of India, and nestled among the hills of the Eastern Ghats and facing the Bay of Bengal to the east.


Visakhapatnam is the second largest city of Andhra Pradesh with an area of 550 km², it is primarily an industrial city, apart from being a tourist destination.


It is known for its unspoilt beaches, nearby scenic Araku Valley and Borra caves, the 11th-century Simhachalam temple and ancient Buddhist sites like Thotlakonda spread across the area.

Demographic Characteristics

The population of the district is 42,88 lakhs as per 2011 Census and this gives it a ranking of 44th in India (out of a total of 640) and 5th in its state while the Geographical area of the District is 11161 Sq. Km. which is only 4.1% of the area of the state. Out of the total population 21.40 Lakhs are males and 21.48 lakhs are female.



There are 20.02 lakhs literates forming 67.7% of the total population of the District.



Agriculture is the main stray of nearly 70% of the households. Some important food crops of the district are Rice, Paddy, Raggi, Bajra and Jowar and Cash Crops such as Sugarcane. Groundnut, Sesamum Niger and Chillies are important.



The district has mineral deposits of Bauxite Apatite (Rock Phosphate) Calcite, Crystalline Limestone confined to tribal tracts at Aruku and Ananthagiri mandals.


Tourist attractions:

Beaches, Hillocks, Resorts

Buddhist important places like Thottlakonda, Bavikonda, Bojjannakonda

Hill Station 100 Km Away - ARUKU

Amusement Park

Naturally formed Deep Caves (BORRA CAVES) 


Visakhapatnam also known as Vizag has emerged into an industrial hub and has seen tremendous growth. The city’s growth has mostly been due to its heavy industries (both state owned and private such as:

  • HPCL Oil refinery
  • Visakhapatnam Steel Plant – Rashtriya Ispat Nigam Ltd (RINL)
  • Hindustan Shipyard Ltd,
  • BHPV, HSL, NTPC, Cormandal Fertilizer
  • Rain Calcining Limited, Essar Pelletization Plant

Its traditional importance in ship building if conferred by the fact that India’s first ship, the “Jala Usha” was launched in Vizag

Vizag is also one of Industrial India’s main fishing ports, has a dedicated harbor for the fishing industry and handles a large percentage of India’s Seafood exports.

This availability of a highly educated workforce allowed the entry of many B.P.O. companies such as HSBC, thus providing the roots for the beginning IT/ITES industry in the city. The city has around 50 small and medium software and call centre units, of which about 10 units started their operations during the year 2005-07

The Vizag Special Economic Zone, Duvvada plays a vital role in the industrial Growth of the city.

Infrastructure facilities


Connectivity through AIR, Road, Rail, & Port


Domestic Airport at Vizag is upgraded to International Airport. Daily flights to Hyderabad, Chennai, and Mumbai. In Jan 2010, International Flights to Dubaim Singapore started. Operators such as Indian Airlines, Sahara, Kingfisher & Air Deccan offer excellent connectivity. Existing Hyderabad International Airport (Flying time 45min from Vizag)


Roads Network

Located on National Highway 5: Part of the 4-line Golden Quadrilateral Highway.


Rail Connectivity

Key rail link between Southern and Eastern India

Berth connectivity to Gangavaram and Visakhapatnam Port




Visakhapatnam Port

  • Largest cargo handling port in India (56 million tones in 2005-06) with a draft of 15km.
  • Only port in India accredited with international systems of ISO 9001, ISO 14001, OSHAS 18001
  • Modern deep draft container terminal at Port – Managed by Dubai Ports World.
  • Dredging depth – The deepest in the country. Capable of  accommodating main line  container vessels up to 14.9 mtrs draft.
  • Excellent road and rail connectivity and independent road connectivity to NH-5
  • Development of express highway as joint venture with National Highway Authority (December 2005)
  • Traffic handled in 2007-08: 64.60 MMT*


Gangavaram Port

  • All-weather Greenfield Deepwater Port
  • To be India’s deepest port
  • Dry bulk & container - 21 m draft
  • Liquid handling facilities within harbor - 24 m draft
  • Single Point Mooring - 35 m draft to handle ULCC*
  • Phase I commissioned in July 2009 for 20 MMTPA* with 5 Berths.
  • Jetties to handle different tanker sizes
  • Tank farm area for storing Crude / POL / chemicals
  • Rail / Road / Pipeline connectivity to SEZ / PCPIR via dedicated Special Logistics Corridor and / or Coastal Corridor


MMT - Million Metric Tons

MMTPA - Million Metric Tonne per Annum

ULCC - Ultra Large Crude Carrier



Power consumption by industries is 408.88KWH while it is 357.44 for agriculture purposes. Global leading player to manage the power infrastructure.  Advantageous mix of thermal , hydro and gas power. Most Competitive Industrial Power Tariff in the Country (Present tariff below Rs. 2.75(estimated) per unit). NTPC Power Plant at Visakhapatnam (1000MW); expansion of additional 1000MW is under construction. Dedicated substations at every Industrial Parks and SEZ’s


Water Supply (I think not applicable to all industries)

365 days assured industrial water supply through Visakhapatnam Industrial Water Supply Company Limited (VIWSCO). India’s first dedicated industrial water supply project.

Table 1: Abstract Information about Industries investment and Employment in VIZAG District


Sl No



Investment            in Rs. Crores

Employment  in No


Public Sector Under takings





Cooperative Sector





Private SEZ





Private Sector









Source for Table 1: District Industries Center, Industrial Estate, Marripalem, Visakhapatnam       

Date for Table 1: 26-11-2008